via 1986 – Wikipedia.
The phrase Big Bang, used in reference to the sudden deregulation of financial markets, was coined to describe measures, including abolition of fixed commission charges and of the distinction between stockjobbers and stockbrokers on the London Stock Exchangeand change from open-outcry to electronic, screen-based trading, enacted by the United Kingdom government in 1986.
The effects of Big Bang were dramatic, with London’s place as a financial capital decisively strengthened, to the point where it is arguably the world’s most important financial centre even to the present day. An economic boom created a new class of nouveau riche that has persisted for two decades, and the boom expanded beyond the City into new developments in the Isle of Dogs area, particularly that of Canary Wharf. Deregulation stimulated financial innovation and enabled new entrants to provide services.
Some critics have charged that the deregulation, and the atmosphere that it created, were responsible for such scandals as theBarings collapse, although others argue the opposite, that the failure to disestablish the old boys’ networks completely was to blame.
Expulsions of diplomats and suspected spies escalated to the point that by the end of October 1986, 100 Soviets, including a further 80 suspected Soviet intelligence agents, were expelled by the U.S. The Soviets expelled ten U.S. diplomats and withdrew all 260 of the Russian support staff working for the U.S. embassy in Moscow.
The Reykjavík Summit was a summit meeting between U.S. president Ronald Reagan and Secretary-General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, held in the famous house of Höfði in Reykjavík, the capital city of Iceland, on October 11–12, 1986. The talks collapsed at the last minute, but the progress that had been achieved eventually resulted in the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty between theUnited States and the Soviet Union.
The existence of Israel’s secret nuclear weapons program is revealed by a former nuclear-plant technician, whose story is published by The Sunday Times of London.
Israel has never acknowledged possessing nuclear weapons, although most defense experts believe it has been developing nuclear warheads since the 1960s at its Dimona Nuclear Research Center in the Negev Desert. Official Israeli policy is to be deliberately vague on the subject.
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Noch bevor die Londoner Sunday Times Vanunus Hinweise nach gründlicher Prüfung durch den britischen Atomexperten Frank Barnaby in einem Artikel am 5. Oktober 1986 veröffentlichte, wurde Vanunu am 30. September 1986 unter Zuhilfenahme eines weiblichen Lockvogels des israelischen Geheimdienstes Mossad nach Rom gelockt, entführt und von dort per Schiff nachAshdod in Israel gebracht. Die Agentin ist eine Amerikanerin namens »Cindy Hanin Bentov« (siehe Cheryl Ben Tov). Sie lebt heute in Orlando. Die Entführung erfolgte ohne Einverständnis des Gastlandes Italien.
Sechs Wochen lang leugnete die Regierung, etwas über Vanunus Verbleib zu wissen, bis es ihm gelang, aus einem Polizeibus heraus Journalisten eine Nachricht zukommen zu lassen, indem er eine heimlich auf seine Handinnenfläche geschriebene Nachricht »Vanunu M – was hijacked – in Rome ITL – 30.9.86 – came to Rome – by BA Fly 504« an die Fensterscheibe hielt. WegenLandesverrats und Spionage wurde er zu 18 Jahren Gefängnis verurteilt, von denen er etwa 11 Jahre in Isolationshaft verbrachte.